This Week in AI: OpenAI considers allowing AI porn

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Maintaining with an trade as fast-moving as AI is a tall order. So till an AI can do it for you, right here’s a helpful roundup of current tales on the planet of machine studying, together with notable analysis and experiments we didn’t cowl on their very own.

By the best way, Trendster plans to launch an AI publication quickly. Keep tuned. Within the meantime, we’re upping the cadence of our semiregular AI column, which was beforehand twice a month (or so), to weekly — so be looking out for extra editions.

This week in AI, OpenAI revealed that it’s exploring “responsibly” generate AI porn. Yep — you heard that proper. Introduced in a doc supposed to peel again the curtains and collect suggestions on its AI’s directions, OpenAI’s new NSFW coverage is meant to begin a dialog about how — and the place — the corporate may permit express photos and textual content in its AI merchandise, OpenAI mentioned.

“We need to make sure that folks have most management to the extent that it doesn’t violate the legislation or different peoples’ rights,” Joanne Jang, a member of the product staff at OpenAI, instructed NPR. “There are artistic circumstances during which content material involving sexuality or nudity is necessary to our customers.”

It’s not the primary time OpenAI has telegraphed a willingness to dip a toe into controversial territory. Earlier this 12 months, Mira Murati, the corporate’s CTO, instructed The Wall Road Journal that she “wasn’t certain” if OpenAI would ultimately permit its video technology instrument, Sora, for use to create grownup content material.

So what to make of this?

There is a future during which OpenAI opens the door to AI-generated porn and all of it seems… superb. I don’t assume Jang’s flawed in saying that there are reliable types of grownup inventive expression — expression that might be created with the assistance of AI-powered instruments.

However I’m unsure we are able to belief OpenAI — or any generative AI vendor, for that matter — to get it proper.

Take into account the creators’ rights angle, for one. OpenAI’s fashions have been skilled on huge quantities of public internet content material, some undoubtedly pornographic in nature. However OpenAI hasn’t licensed all this content material — and even allowed creators to choose out of coaching till comparatively lately (and even then, solely sure types of coaching).

It’s robust to make a residing in grownup content material, and have been OpenAI to take AI-generated porn mainstream, there’d be even stiffer competitors dealing with creators — competitors constructed on the backs of these creators’ works, not for nothing.

The opposite drawback in my thoughts is the fallibility of present safeguards. OpenAI and rivals have been refining their filtering and moderation instruments for years. However customers always uncover workarounds that allow them to abuse the businesses’ AI fashions, apps and platforms.

Simply in January, Microsoft was pressured to make adjustments to its Designer picture creation instrument, which faucets OpenAI fashions, after customers discovered a method to create nude photos of Taylor Swift. On the textual content technology aspect, it’s trivial to seek out chatbots constructed on prime of supposedly “secure” fashions, resembling Anthropic’s Claude 3, that readily spit out erotica.

AI has already created a brand new type of sexual abuse. Grade college and highschool college students are utilizing AI-powered apps to “strip” pictures of their classmates with out these classmates’ consent; a 2021 ballot performed within the U.Ok., New Zealand and Australia discovered that 14% of respondents aged 16 to 64 had been victimized with deepfake imagery.

New legal guidelines within the U.S. and elsewhere intention to fight this. However the jury’s out on whether or not the justice system — a justice system that already struggles to root out most intercourse crimes — can regulate an trade as fast-moving as AI.

Frankly, it’s robust to think about an method that OpenAI may take to AI-generated porn that isn’t fraught with danger. Possibly OpenAI will rethink its stance as soon as once more. Or possibly — towards the percentages — it will determine a greater approach. Regardless of the case finally ends up being, it appears we’ll discover out sooner moderately than later.

Listed below are another AI tales of word from the previous few days:

  • Apple’s AI plans: Apple CEO Tim Cook dinner revealed a number of tidbits in regards to the firm’s plans to maneuver ahead with AI throughout final week’s earnings name with traders. Sarah has the complete story.
  • Enterprise GenAI: The CEOs of Dropbox and Figma — Drew Houston and Dylan Discipline, respectively — have invested in Lamini, a startup constructing generative AI tech together with a generative AI internet hosting platform geared toward enterprise organizations.
  • AI for customer support: Airbnb is launching a brand new function that permits hosts to go for AI-powered ideas to answer to visitors’ questions, resembling sending the visitors a property’s checkout information.
  • Microsoft restricts AI use: Microsoft has reaffirmed its ban on U.S. police departments from utilizing generative AI for facial recognition. It additionally banned world legislation enforcement from making use of facial recognition tech on physique cameras and dashcams.
  • Cash for the cloud: Various cloud suppliers resembling CoreWeave are elevating a whole bunch of thousands and thousands of {dollars} because the generative AI increase drives the demand for low-cost {hardware} to coach and run fashions.
  • RAG has its limits: Hallucinations are an enormous drawback for companies trying to combine generative AI into their operations. Some distributors declare that they will remove them utilizing a way referred to as RAG. However these claims are tremendously exaggerated, finds yours really.
  • Vogels’ assembly summarizer: Amazon’s CTO, Werner Vogels, open sourced a gathering summarizer app referred to as Distill. As you may anticipate, it leans closely on Amazon services.
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